The buildings were built between 1947 and 1965, when Japan was a post-war democracy and was building the world’s largest and most extensive network of interlocking, interconnected buildings.
They’re now all gone.
“The buildings have gone,” says James Rippe, an architect and the author of Building Tokyo: An Architectural History of Tokyo’s Industrial City.
“They’re all gone.”
Rippo’s latest book, The End of Japan, is the first to look at the impact of Japan’s postwar development, a process that led to a boom in the country’s housing stock.
But the end of the era of giant, open-air apartments, Rippel explains, is not necessarily the end for the industry.
Ripps book, written with Ralf Heilmann, was published in 2014, and is set to be reissued in November.
RIPPEL’s book covers the period from 1946 to the early 1980s, when the country had about 150 million people and the economy was growing steadily.
“I had to make sure that I had a broad view of the Japanese development from the late 1960s,” Rippels son says.
They were not just peasants or peasants who lived in the countryside. “
In the late 1950s, you had a lot of Japanese workers, but they were highly paid.
They were not just peasants or peasants who lived in the countryside.
They had very sophisticated jobs.
They became part of the bureaucracy.”
The Japanese building boom Rippes book is divided into three parts.
First, the country was in the midst of an industrial boom.
In 1947, Japan was one of the world top manufacturing countries.
Japan’s economy grew by about 10% a year, and it grew by more than 15% in the following decade.
By 1950, Japan’s industrial production was worth more than that of the United States and the United Kingdom combined.
Japan built many factories and offices for the global market, and many were located on its vast and densely populated island of Kyushu, about 250 miles north of Tokyo.
Rindōs apartment building at the site of a former steel mill in the central city of Fukuoka, north of Japan.
Rippel writes that in those days, Japanese apartment buildings were not designed to accommodate the demands of large numbers of people.
Instead, they were designed to be compact and low-slung.
“I always felt that the Japanese building was designed for a very narrow and narrow purpose: to be the minimum required to create a certain level of comfort for the residents,” Riddell says.
Riddells first met Ripp and Rinds in the early 1970s, as the two were writing a book on the construction of the countrys largest apartment building, the Rindos Rindo (Rindo building), in central Tokyo.
“He was the first person I met in Tokyo, and he was so much more than the architect,” Rindowes son says, laughing.
RINDO is known as the “King of New York City”, for the number of apartments it housed.
It was completed in 1976, and by 1990 it was one the worlds largest buildings, with about 2,500 apartments.
It also had a reputation for being noisy and for being the most expensive building in the world.
Rihōrō Rindomoto, an associate professor of architecture at Tokyo University, describes Rindopro as one of Tokyos most important architects, “who were responsible for making this city one of modern architecture, with a very wide range of different kinds of buildings.”
Rindoms book on Tokyo, The Rindon of Tokyo, traces the building’s development from a simple, single-storey structure that housed a factory, a small hospital and a few office buildings, to the Riddo Rindó, or the Ridenof Building, with over 2,000 apartments and a museum.
In the 1990s, Rindocs work on Rindohi, Riddowes family’s second and third large-scale apartment buildings, began to be questioned.
In 1994, Rizona Saito, then Japan’s prime minister, asked Ripp to design the Ridewood Building in Tokyo.
Saito had a vision of a “new, modern city,” she wrote, one that would be “inclusive of all Japanese people.”
In 2000, Saito launched an inquiry into the construction and management of Rindoreys buildings.
In 2002, Saitō said he would have to scrap Rindof if he won the election.
The Riddeys building, built in 1987, became known as Rindorohi (the Japanese for “courage”), and it was demolished in 2004.
Saitose later apologized for his decision, saying he was motivated by